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Research Paper Presentations – Session 1
October 4, 2019 @ 3:30 pm - 4:30 pmFree
A Profile of the Female Students of BMCC College Regarding What They Intend to do After Their Education
- Narendra C. Bhandari, Ph.D., Pace University, New York, USA
- Varsha Deshpande, Ph.D., BMCC College, Pune, India
The Brihan Maharashtra College of Commerce (BMCC) is located in Pune, India. It is affiliated to Savitribai Phule Pune University. The College was established in 1943 by the Deccan Education Society.
A questionnaire containing 72 questions was prepared to study what the students of BMCC intend to do after they have completed their education? We received 324 usable responses from the students to the Q 15 of the instrument, that dealt with their intention options as presented below:
- Option (a): Start a business (without any particular emphasis on it being a socially-oriented business):
- Of the 164 students who selected this option, 126 (38.89%) were male; and 38 (11.73%) were
- Option (b): Start a business with (with a particular emphasis on it being a socially-oriented business):
- Of the 48 students who selected this option, 33 (10.19%) were male; and 15 (4.63%) were
- Option (c): Work for someone else:
- Of the 112 students who selected this option, 83 (25.62%) were male; and 29 (8.95%) were female.
Korean Research Institute Spin-offs: The Relation Between the Collaboration Network and Outcomes of Spin-offs
- Seo Haeng-ah, Korea Institute of Science and Technology Evaluation and Planning (KISTEP), South Korea (Rok)
- Lee Sun-je, Korea Institute of Science and Technology Evaluation and Planning (KISTEP), South Korea (Rok)
Due to the global economic recession and an aging population, effective and innovative measures for job creation and economic growth are drawing increasing attention. According to the OECD, the number of startups is on the rise in major countries, particularly startups seeking new opportunities and high value-added endeavors based on science and technology. Many scholars stress that in addition to such ventures, research-based spin-offs are also important when it comes to technology transfers (Di Gregori & Shane, 2003; Wright et al., 2004a, 2004b). Most of the university-level research on spin-offs is conducted to analyze factors in their creation and development, reflecting a growing interest in academia-industry technology transfer (Chiesa and Piccaluga, 2000; Smilor et al., 1990; Stankiewicz, 1994). Among this, representative research comes out of a resource-based perspective, addressing the institutional, human, financial, and commercial resources available to spin-offs. Less explored is the collaboration network of spin-offs and their relationship to public policies and projects, which is a strong focus in major countries around the world. In fact, many companies are participating in these networks in the form of joint research and development (R&D) and strategic alliances. Korea is also fostering industrial clusters called special research and development zone and continuously raising the amount of government R&D investment. However, the network of spin-offs inside the clusters has drawn hardly any attention despite its significance, because they are relatively small in scale and short on accumulated resources. Empirical studies analyzing the collaboration network of research institute spin-offs are rarely conducted.
Determinants of the Entrepreneurial Intentions of Palestinian University Undergraduates: Implication for a creating a High School-College Entrepreneurship Pipeline
- Adewale J. Alonge, Ph.D., Executive Director, Africa-Diaspora Partnerships (ADPED, Inc.) & MDCPS, USA; Palestine
- Wisam Shamroukh, Palestine Polytechnic University, USA; Palestine
- Mohammed Tamimi, Ph.D., Palestine Polytechnic University, USA; Palestine
Despite having one of the most educated populations in the Middle East, the Palestinian Territory continues to lag due to a mismatch between the outputs of its education system and the needs of the society and industry. Integrating entrepreneurship education into the education system has, therefore, become a top policy priority. The purpose of the research is to evaluate the entrepreneurial intentions of undergraduate students in the Palestine Territory which a view to drawing implications for a high school to university entrepreneurship education pipeline. Using an exploratory descriptive research model and a structured questionnaire survey, data were collected from a random sample size of 150 undergraduate students at the Palestine Polytechnic University. A multivariate model was used to test significant factors determinate of the entrepreneurial intentions of Palestinian undergraduates. A US-funded Center of Excellence for Innovation and Entrepreneurship at the Palestine Polytechnic University has emerged from this project.
Assessing the Impact of Women’s High-Growth Entrepreneurial Activities on Social and Economic Development
- Florence Nisabwe, Ph.D., Charisma University, Director of Lance d’Afrique Internationale, South Africa
Achieving poverty reduction and shared prosperity requires full economic participation from both genders. Despite this self-evident truth, women entrepreneurs have all too frequently been unable to contribute more fully to the economies of their local communities. Female entrepreneurial activity tends to be concentrated in lower-productivity segments of the economy with limited potential for income growth and employment generation. Women entrepreneurs are unable to increase the scale of their businesses from micro- or small-scale to medium- or large-scale enterprises with transformational economic capabilities. Empowering female entrepreneurs, especially those in high-growth sectors, has the potential to create jobs, increase income, lift millions of people out of poverty worldwide and facilitate greater economic and social transformation. Fondation Lance d’Afrique Burundi (LAB) has identified the way forward as being the development of an innovative framework to facilitate women’s moving into higher growth economic sectors and to enable them to attain higher productivity and intensified rates of economic activity. In this way, the positive effects that flow from increased entrepreneurial activity by women can be instigated and replicated in developing countries in Africa and beyond.